Japan's earthquake-resistant dome houses | Pictures | Reuters (2023)

Pictures | Mon Nov 6, 2017 | 3:45pm EST

Japan's earthquake-resistant dome houses | Pictures | Reuters (1)

Nestled near a volcano in southern Japan, 450 quake-resistant dome houses put up by a health resort and decorated with flowers and dinosaurs are drawing visitors from across Asia. A dozen polystyrene foam pieces, each so light that two adults can...more

Reuters / Sunday, November 05, 2017

Nestled near a volcano in southern Japan, 450 quake-resistant dome houses put up by a health resort and decorated with flowers and dinosaurs are drawing visitors from across Asia. A dozen polystyrene foam pieces, each so light that two adults can pick it up, are glued together to make the houses.REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

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Japan's earthquake-resistant dome houses | Pictures | Reuters (2)

A girl from Singapore runs past a quake-resistant dome house. Despite the light materials, the domes withstood last year's deadly earthquakes in Kumamoto prefecture, where Aso is located, said Masaya Konishi, manager of the Aso Farm Land...more

Reuters / Sunday, November 05, 2017

A girl from Singapore runs past a quake-resistant dome house. Despite the light materials, the domes withstood last year's deadly earthquakes in Kumamoto prefecture, where Aso is located, said Masaya Konishi, manager of the Aso Farm Land resort.REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

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Japan's earthquake-resistant dome houses | Pictures | Reuters (3)

Interior of a quake-resistant dome house decorated with Japan's popular 'Kumamon' bear character is pictured at the Aso Farm Land resort. "These dome rooms were completely unharmed," Konishi told Reuters. "Not a single pane of glass broke." Wind and...more

Reuters / Sunday, November 05, 2017

Interior of a quake-resistant dome house decorated with Japan's popular 'Kumamon' bear character is pictured at the Aso Farm Land resort. "These dome rooms were completely unharmed," Konishi told Reuters. "Not a single pane of glass broke." Wind and earthquakes do not easily damage the dome houses because they have no beams that can be broken, Konishi said.REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

(Video) Japan’s Earthquake-Resistant Dome Houses Are Made of Styrofoam

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Japan's earthquake-resistant dome houses | Pictures | Reuters (4)

A hanger at a quake-resistant dome house decorated with Japan's popular 'Kumamon' bear character. Japan Dome House, the company that makes the polystrene pieces used in the structures, says that after the 2016 earthquakes, sales spiked two to...more

Reuters / Sunday, November 05, 2017

A hanger at a quake-resistant dome house decorated with Japan's popular 'Kumamon' bear character. Japan Dome House, the company that makes the polystrene pieces used in the structures, says that after the 2016 earthquakes, sales spiked two to three-fold.REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

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Japan's earthquake-resistant dome houses | Pictures | Reuters (5)

A girl from Singapore jumps on the bed at a quake-resistant dome house. The head of Aso Farm Land resort, Katsuyuki Kitagawa, designed the dome-shaped cabins after being inspired by his work in the Japanese sweets industry, Konishi said. One day,...more

Reuters / Sunday, November 05, 2017

A girl from Singapore jumps on the bed at a quake-resistant dome house. The head of Aso Farm Land resort, Katsuyuki Kitagawa, designed the dome-shaped cabins after being inspired by his work in the Japanese sweets industry, Konishi said. One day, Kitagawa thought it would be interesting to put people inside "manju" - traditional Japanese sweets that are round and filled with red bean paste - and decided to make rooms shaped like the confection.REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

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Japan's earthquake-resistant dome houses | Pictures | Reuters (6)

A tourist from Singapore arranges his luggage at a quake-resistant dome house. The colorful result has proven alluring for tourists looking for a quirky family holiday, especially the domes adorned inside and out with images of Japan's popular...more

Reuters / Sunday, November 05, 2017

A tourist from Singapore arranges his luggage at a quake-resistant dome house. The colorful result has proven alluring for tourists looking for a quirky family holiday, especially the domes adorned inside and out with images of Japan's popular "Kumamon" bear character, mascot of the Kumamoto region.REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

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Japan's earthquake-resistant dome houses | Pictures | Reuters (7)

Visitors walk past a quake-resistant dome house. "We were looking for something very Japan and different that would just be fun," said Singaporean tourist Tsalina Phang, who was staying in a dome house with her two daughters and husband. "This, with...more

Reuters / Sunday, November 05, 2017

Visitors walk past a quake-resistant dome house. "We were looking for something very Japan and different that would just be fun," said Singaporean tourist Tsalina Phang, who was staying in a dome house with her two daughters and husband. "This, with all the decorations of Kumamon, just sounded perfect for us," Phang said, as one of her daughters bounced happily on a bed in front of an image of a red-cheeked bear.REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

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(Video) Japan’s Earthquake Resistant Dome Houses Are Made of Styrofoam

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Japan's earthquake-resistant dome houses | Pictures | Reuters (8)

A quake-resistant dome house decorated with 'Kumamon'. REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

Reuters / Sunday, November 05, 2017

A quake-resistant dome house decorated with 'Kumamon'. REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

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Japan's earthquake-resistant dome houses | Pictures | Reuters (9)

A family from Singapore takes a walk around quake-resistant dome houses. REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

Reuters / Sunday, November 05, 2017

A family from Singapore takes a walk around quake-resistant dome houses. REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

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Japan's earthquake-resistant dome houses | Pictures | Reuters (10)

A girl from Singapore comes out of a quake-resistant dome house. REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

Reuters / Sunday, November 05, 2017

A girl from Singapore comes out of a quake-resistant dome house. REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

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Japan's earthquake-resistant dome houses | Pictures | Reuters (11)

Quake-resistant dome houses are pictured at the Aso Farm Land resort. REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

Reuters / Sunday, November 05, 2017

Quake-resistant dome houses are pictured at the Aso Farm Land resort. REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

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(Video) 3-YEAR EARTHQUAKE TEST on TRADITIONAL STYLE JAPANESE HOMES

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(Video) Dome Houses of Japan Made of Earthquake Resistant Styrofoam

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    (Video) Japan built's earthquake resistant houses |Japan's earthquake proof dome houses| Styrofoam houses

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    FAQs

    Can Japanese houses withstand earthquakes? ›

    In Japan, wooden buildings have been used for many years, and people often say, “Traditional wooden structures, such as temples, are very resistant to earthquakes. They bend like willow to avoid building up stress.” We have actually seen wooden buildings swaying a lot in large earthquakes.

    How are houses in Japan designed to withstand earthquakes? ›

    Japanese high-rise construction commonly uses a grid of steel beams and columns that evenly distributes seismic forces across the structure and diagonal dampers that serve as shock absorbers. American high-rises are typically built with a concrete core that resists most of the seismic forces of an earthquake.

    How many buildings in Japan are earthquake proof? ›

    According to a study by Tokyo University, 87% of the city's buildings have been constructed according to modern anti-seismic standards. A prime example is the Tokyo Skytree.

    How much is a Japanese dome house? ›

    They are built from 7-inch thick, snap-together wall sections made from a type of Styrofoam™ that is considerably stronger than ordinary packing foam. Dome house kits start at around $30,000, and this price does not include the cost of transport or assembly.

    Which type of house is best for earthquakes? ›

    Concrete and wood are considered as good earthquake resistant construction material. However, if your home is concrete based, then you must ensure that the structure is reinforced through additional concrete or steel slabs.

    How does Japan avoid earthquakes? ›

    Houses and buildings in Japan have to comply with the earthquake-proof and prevention standards set by the country. Buildings are built in a way that makes them flexible, which in turn makes them resistant to much of the upheaval caused by the tremors. Many buildings use flexible materials like Teflon or rubber.

    What are the features of an earthquake resistant house? ›

    Shear walls, cross braces, diaphragms and moment-resisting frames are central to reinforcing a building. Shear walls are a useful building technology that can help transfer earthquake forces. Made of multiple panels, these walls help a building keep its shape during movement.

    How are earthquake-proof houses built? ›

    Earthquake-resistant designs typically incorporate ductility (the ability of a building to bend, sway, and deform without collapsing) within the structure and its structural members. A ductile building is able to bend and flex when exposed to the horizontal or vertical shear forces of an earthquake.

    How do earthquake-proof houses work? ›

    Reinforced concrete is used in conjunction with structural steel to create earthquake and cyclone-proof buildings. Without steel reinforcement concrete is prone to cracking and structural failure in buildings that are put under stress from high winds or ground vibrations.

    What is the strongest earthquake-proof building? ›

    Here are 5 astonishing earthquake resistant buildings around the world today.
    • Taipei 101 (Taipei, Taiwan)
    • Shanghai Tower (Shanghai, China)
    • The Transamerica Pyramid (San Francisco, California)
    • Mori Tower (Tokyo, Japan)
    • New Wilshire Grand Center ( Los Angeles, California)
    10 Jan 2022

    Where in Japan is safe from earthquakes? ›

    Historically the place with the least earthquakes is Tottori. Supposedly, the surrounding region: Shimane, north of Kyoto are safe as well. Earthquake is caused by the movement of the tectonic plates. Safest places from EQ in Japan will be either the South (Okinawa, Kyusyu) or the North (Hokkaido).

    What percentage of buildings in Japan are earthquake-proof? ›

    Currently 75 percent of the buildings in Japan are earthquake resistant.

    How long do dome homes last? ›

    The lifespan of Spherical Dome Tent

    In the reasonable using, the covered membrane can be used for 5 years.

    Is a dome house safe? ›

    Monolithic dome homes have weathered earthquakes, Category 5 hurricanes, tornadoes, and fires. In fact, the entire structure of a dome house qualifies as a safe room with “near-absolute protection” by FEMA standards.

    What are the benefits of a dome house? ›

    These spherical homes are roomier than regular homes, as they enclose more volume under less surface area. That means builders will use fewer building materials to affect internal air temperature. Also, the shape of the dome is solid, and it's resistant to wind. It can withstand heavy snow and even tree falls.

    What shape of building is best for earthquakes? ›

    A Strong & Reinforced Structure

    The building needs to be able to withstand and disperse any energy that could move through it. Triangles are the go-to shape for earthquake-resistant buildings. Their shape provides more resistance to twisting motions, reducing the swaying of a building during a quake.

    What is the safest indoor during an earthquake? ›

    If you are able, seek shelter under a sturdy table or desk. Stay away from outer walls, windows, fireplaces, and hanging objects. If you are unable to move from a bed or chair, protect yourself from falling objects by covering up with blankets and pillows.

    Which floor is safest during an earthquake? ›

    Probably the top floor. The shaking will probably be more wobbly than jerky, so if you have everything secured properly, it should reduce the risk of things flying everywhere.

    Is Japan well prepared for earthquakes? ›

    Earthquake resistant houses and buildings are designed to move with the quake, rather than collapsing or injuring those inside. Japan also hosts an integrated disaster prevention system. The government has issued extensive guidelines which include assembling an emergency kit in advance of a disaster.

    What technology does Japan use for earthquakes? ›

    The system uses seismometers and seismic intensity meters that measure the tremors from the Japan Meteorological Agency (roughly 690 locations nationwide) and a seismographic observation network from the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (roughly 1000 locations nationwide).

    Why is Japan known as the leader in disaster preparedness? ›

    Japan boasts the world's most sophisticated earthquake early-warning systems. Emergency drills organized by public and private organizations work, among other things, to transport "stranded" commuters from their offices to their homes.

    What are the benefits of earthquake-resistant buildings? ›

    These include: lower building repair and replacement costs, continuation of building function that reduces business interruption, preservation of revenue streams and, most importantly, improved life safety.

    What materials are used for earthquake-proof buildings? ›

    However, buildings consisting primarily of steel or other metals are much better at resisting earthquakes. Steel is much lighter than concrete, but it still brings a great deal of durability to construction projects.

    How can we improve earthquake-resistant buildings? ›

    Here are five of them:
    1. An Appropriate Foundation. Creating a flexible foundation for a building could help it stay standing during an earthquake. ...
    2. Seismic Dampers. Earthquake-resistant buildings also need features to help absorb shocks. ...
    3. A Drainage Mechanism. ...
    4. Structural Reinforcement. ...
    5. Material With Adequate Ductility.
    1 Mar 2021

    Are earthquake-proof buildings expensive? ›

    New buildings with earthquake-resistant technology cost about 5 to 10 percent more than those built without the precautions, engineers said.

    Are domes earthquake-proof? ›

    2. Dome homes are the world's highest earthquake resistant structures. And they dont require any interior load bearing walls.

    Can concrete survive an earthquake? ›

    Built according to good practices, concrete homes can be among the safest and most durable types of structures during an earthquake. Homes built with reinforced concrete walls have a record of surviving earthquakes intact, structurally sound and largely unblemished.

    Which country has earthquake-proof buildings? ›

    Japan is home to some of the most resilient buildings in the world - and their secret lies in their capacity to dance as the ground moves beneath them.

    Does all of Japan get earthquakes? ›

    Though earthquakes occur frequently in all areas of Japan, the Sanriku area (Aomori, Iwate, Miyagi) and the prefectures along the Sea of Japan coast (Fukui, Ishikawa, Niigata) have historically been prone to the most seismic activity.

    Why does Japan get so many earthquakes? ›

    Earthquakes are most frequent where two or more plates meet. The reason Japan has so many earthquakes is that a number of these plates converge below the country's surface. The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake of January 1995 and the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 2011 took a heavy toll of human lives and property.

    Are Japanese buildings tsunami-proof? ›

    Tsunami-proof buildings in Japan

    There are important facilities in Japan, which is often inundated with tsunamis, that feature tsunami-proof design. The Hamaoka Nuclear Power Plant has a barrier wall designed to protect the facility from tsunami wave caused by an earthquake predicted along the Nankai Sea trough.

    Are earthquake-proof building possible? ›

    Most modern structures are earthquake resistant as they are built with earthquake-proofing that can resist even intensity 8 earthquakes, the highest on the Richter scale. Here are features that earthquake-resistant structures have.

    Do dome homes leak? ›

    Domes have a reputation for leaks and noise, financing can be a challenge, and building materials and contractors are easier to find for traditional houses.

    What are the disadvantages of domes? ›

    Despite their strength, speed of construction, versatility of shape and heat efficiency, monolithic domes have disadvantages.
    • Unsustainable Materials. ...
    • Vulnerability of the Air Form. ...
    • Poor Ventilation. ...
    • Permits and Property Value. ...
    • Fitting Windows and Doors.

    Are domes safe to live in? ›

    Dome Houses are excellent at surviving natural disasters. The shape of the buildings makes them safer than a normal house during hurricanes, tornados, and earthquakes.

    How much does a dome cost? ›

    Small domes, those less than 100 feet in diameter, generally cost between $10,000 and $30,000 to replace or remove. Medium-sized domes, between 100 and 300 feet in diameter, can cost anywhere from $30,000 to $100,000. Large domes, more than 300 feet in diameter, can cost upwards of $1 million.

    Why are dome house earthquake proof? ›

    Because of its dome shape, the lack of a need for posts and beams in construction, and its extremely light weight the dome house is highly earthquake resistant.

    Are dome homes expensive? ›

    In theory, dome homes are more affordable to build than traditional houses. However, it very much depends on the materials you choose, the construction method, and the size of your home. Dome homes have an average price of $175,000, while building a conventional home costs an average of $280,000.

    Why are domes so strong? ›

    Domes are so strong because of their shape. The dome shape distributes the weight/pressure/force evenly over the entire dome shape, which reduces the load on a single point. We normally think of eggshells as brittle or that they tend to break easily.

    Why is the dome so important? ›

    Domes and tent-canopies were also associated with the heavens in Ancient Persia and the Hellenistic-Roman world. A dome over a square base reflected the geometric symbolism of those shapes. The circle represented perfection, eternity, and the heavens. The square represented the earth.

    Why is a dome important? ›

    Domes can be very efficient and cost-effective structures, as significantly less material may be required to construct them and they are often lighter in weight than other roof types. There is typically a minimum of 30% less surface area in a dome than other comparable structural shapes.

    What magnitude can Japanese buildings withstand? ›

    The code stipulated that “a building is designed to withstand and not collapse in an earthquake of magnitude 5~7 and with a seismic intensity scale (Shindo-scale) of upper 5, although some damage may be sustained.” However, no standards were enforced in the event of a larger earthquake that produced a seismic intensity ...

    How do buildings in Tokyo withstand earthquakes? ›

    The buildings or structures are put on a form of bearing or shock absorber – sometimes as simple as blocks of rubber about 30-50cm (12 to 20in) thick – to resist the motions of the earthquake. Wherever the building columns come down to the foundation, they sit on these rubber pads.

    What type of building is safest in an earthquake? ›

    According to the World Steel Association, ductile buildings are safer as they dissipate energy from seismic waves. A building will typically have ductile parts that can undergo plastic deformations without complete structural failure during an earthquake. Steel is the most common type of material for such parts.

    What material can survive a tsunami? ›

    Though wood is a preferred material in constructing earthquake-proof buildings, it is perhaps the worst choice in a tsunami situation since it is easily uprooted and can cause further damage to other buildings. Reinforced steel and concrete combined is a better option.

    Where is the safest place to hide from a tsunami? ›

    Should a tsunami occur and you cannot get to higher ground, stay inside where you are protected from the water. It's best to be on the landward side of the house, away from windows. Often tsunamis occur in multiple waves that can occur minutes apart, but also as much as one hour apart.

    Why do Japanese houses have heavy roofs? ›

    Diagonal braces came to be used when the technology of foreign countries was brought to Japan. One characteristic of Japanese houses is that they have a large roof and deep eaves to protect the house from the hot summer sun, and the frame of the house supports the weight of the roof.

    Why are Japanese houses built off the ground? ›

    Raised floors and open spaces ensured proper ventilation to fight the buildup of toxic mold. Wood post-and-beam construction is also useful when designing for typhoon and earthquake resistance.

    How long do Japanese buildings last? ›

    Unlike in other countries, homes in Japan rapidly depreciate over time, becoming nearly valueless 20-30 years after they were built. If someone moves out of a home before that time frame, the house is seen as having no value and is demolished in favor of the land, which is seen as being high in value.

    What are the walls of Japanese houses made of? ›

    Timber and clay have been the main building materials in Japanese house construction for hundreds of years. Timber forms the frame work, while the clay is used to wall the frame work.

    How is Japan planning for earthquakes? ›

    Earthquake-resistant buildings

    Given the regularity of earthquakes in Japan, all houses are built to withstand some level of tremor. Houses in Japan are built to comply with rigorous earthquake-proof standards that have been set by law. These laws also apply to other structures like schools and office buildings.

    Which shape of building is the most earthquake-resistant? ›

    A Strong & Reinforced Structure

    The building needs to be able to withstand and disperse any energy that could move through it. Triangles are the go-to shape for earthquake-resistant buildings. Their shape provides more resistance to twisting motions, reducing the swaying of a building during a quake.

    What makes a house earthquake proof? ›

    To withstand collapse, buildings must redistribute forces that travel through them during a seismic event. Shear walls, cross braces, diaphragms and moment-resisting frames are central to reinforcing a building. Shear walls are a useful building technology that can help transfer earthquake forces.

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